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The 11 Fitness Components

Updated: Apr 9, 2023



Are you fit?


How do you know? What are you measuring to see if you are fit?


The answer to this question is ... Fitness Components!


There are 11 Fitness Components that we can use to determine someone fitness levels, often used by PE teachers, sports teams or gyms.


  • What is fitness?

"The state or condition of being fit"

  • What are components?

"Important parts or features of something"















Health-related vs Skill-related


Fitness components are divided into 2 categories:

  1. There are 5 Health-related: "day-to-day activities"

  2. There are 6 Skill-related: "sport related"


1. Cardiorespiratory Fitness

This relies on the heart and lungs and involves long distance exercise Example: running a marathon


2. Muscular Strength

This relies on muscles being able to lift very heavy weight

Example: squatting


3. Muscular Endurance

This relies on muscles being able to do a movement over and over again

Example: push ups or sit ups


4. Flexibility

This relies on muscles and joints being able to move in a full range of motion

Example: doing the splits


5. Body composition

This is about the amount of muscle and fat your body has. Example: the difference between the body of a sumo- wrestler and a marathon runner


6. Agility

This is about being able to move your body quickly. Example: dodgeball


7. Balance

This is about being able to maintain your body in one position

Example: balance beam in gymnastics


8. Power

This is about explosive movements. Example: jumping or throwing


9. Speed

This is about moving quickly. Example: 100 metre sprint


10. Coordination

This is about being able to do multiple things at once

Example: juggling


11. Reaction Time

This is about reacting quickly to something.

Example: starting a race



Want to learn more? Check out all PE Buddy's videos https://www.youtube.com/c/PEBuddy/videos


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Thanks legends!


Mr D, your online PE Buddy

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