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Training Types and Training Methods - What’s the Difference?

Updated: Apr 9, 2023



So you want to improve your fitness or sporting performance?


The key question is HOW do you do this?


This is where Training Types and Training Methods come in.


These are NOT the same thing, although they are often used interchangeably. Very simply:

  • Training Types are the 'WHAT'

  • Training Methods are the 'HOW'


TRAINING TYPES

There are 4 main types:

  • Aerobic (With Oxygen)

  • Anaerobic (Without Oxygen)

  • Strength

  • Flexibility

Within each of these training types, there are training methods:


  • Continuous: long, slow, low intensity exercise such as swimming, running or riding

  • Long Interval Training (LIT): Long 'sprints' with short rest periods

  • Fartlek: alternating between jogging, walking and sprinting

  • Circuit: a series of stations of exercises or activities with medium-long work times and short rest times

  • High Intensity Interval Training (HIIT): high intensity stations of exercises with shorter rest times



  • Short Interval Training (SIT): short, high intensity sprints, medium-long rest periods

  • High Intensity Interval Training: high intensity stations of exercises with medium rest times



  • Resistance: lifting weights or using machines

  • Plyometrics: explosive movements such as throwing, jumping and bounding

  • Circuit/HIIT: station-based workouts with various exercises

  • Olympic Lifting: barbell-based workouts with full-body exercises such as the clean and jerk, snatch and clean



  • Static: stretching with no movement - best after exercise

  • Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation (PNF): alternating between stretching and contracting muscles

  • Dynamic: movement-based stretching - best before exercise


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Thanks legends!


Mr D, your online PE Buddy

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