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The Macronutrients - Carbs, Protein and Fat

Updated: Apr 9, 2023

What are the macronutrients?


  • Macro = big

  • Nutrients = food

So, macronutrients = big-food!

This refers to the foods that make up the largest proportion of one's diet, essential for growth, energy supply and performance. This is different to micronutrients (Learn about them here!)

The 3 Macronutrients are:

  • Protein

  • Carbohydrates

  • Fats

  • (Water is sometimes included but is not energy providing)

Let's take a deeper dive into all 3 of these:

  • Protein:

Protein function = repair/growth, secondary energy source

Examples: meat, eggs, milk

  • Carbohydrates:

Carbohydrates function = provides energy

Examples: Sugar, Bread, rice, pasta

  • Fats:

(Good) Fats function = organ protection, energy supply, hormone production, nutrient transport

Examples: Avocado, olive oil, nuts

Key question:

how do I know which macronutrients are in the different foods?

Let's think about colours...

The Healthy Eating Pyramid:

Take note of where each macronutrient is placed & how much of each is recommended.

This is what it might look like on a plate …

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Thanks legends!

Mr D, your online PE Buddy

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