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Lesson Plan: Biomechanics

Updated: Dec 30, 2023

Lesson Title: Introduction to Biomechanics

Grade Level: 9th-10th

Objective: Students will be able to understand the basic concepts of biomechanics, including forces, motion, and energy, and apply them to real-life examples, while addressing the following Australian Health and Physical Education Curriculum standards:

  • Movement and Physical Activity: Principles of motion and biomechanics

  • Health Knowledge and Promotion: Understanding of physical activity and movement patterns and their impact on health and wellbeing



1. Introduction (10 minutes)

  • Ask the students what they know about biomechanics.

  • Explain that biomechanics is the study of how forces affect living things, including humans and animals.

  • Show a video or images of athletes in motion and ask students what forces they think are at play.

2. Lecture and Discussion (20 minutes)

  • Use the handouts from the Ultimate Biomechanics Bundle to go over the basic concepts of biomechanics, including forces, motion, and energy.

  • Discuss the different types of forces, such as gravity, friction, and tension, and how they apply to different movements.

  • Talk about how motion can be described in terms of speed, velocity, and acceleration.

  • Discuss how energy is transferred from one object to another, such as in collisions.

3. Activity (30 minutes)

  • Divide the class into small groups and give each group a ball of a different size and weight.

  • Have the students measure the diameter and mass of their ball using the measuring tape and scale provided.

  • Have each group take turns rolling their ball down a ramp and measuring its velocity using the stopwatch and measuring tape.

  • Encourage the students to make predictions about how the size and weight of the ball will affect its velocity before they roll it.

  • After each group has had a turn, have them compare their results and discuss how the size and weight of the ball affected its velocity.

4. Conclusion (10 minutes)

  • Ask the students to reflect on what they have learned about biomechanics and how it relates to physical activity and health.

  • Ask them to give an example of a real-life situation where an understanding of biomechanics would be useful in promoting physical activity and preventing injury.

  • Wrap up the lesson by thanking the students for their participation and reminding them of the importance of biomechanics in physical activity and health.


  • Observe students during the activity to assess their understanding of biomechanical concepts.

  • Have students write a short paragraph explaining how the size and weight of the ball affected its velocity and how this relates to physical activity and health.

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